also known by its original name Prayag is one of the largest cities of the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
. Although Prayaga was renamed AIlahabad
in 1575, the name later became Allahabad in an anglicized
version in Roman script. The city is situated on an inland peninsula, surrounded by the rivers Ganges
on three sides, with only one side connected to the mainland Doab region, of which it is a part. This position is of importance in Hindu
scriptures for it is situated at the confluence, known as Triveni Sangam
, of the holy rivers. As per Rigveda the Sarasvati River
(now dried up) was part of the three river confluence in ancient times. It is one of four sites of the Kumbh Mela
, an important mass Hindu pilgrimage
The ancient name of the city is Prayag (Sanskrit
for "place of sacrifice"), as it is believed to be the spot where Brahma
offered his first sacrifice after creating the world. Since its founding, Prayaga renamed Allahabad has played an important role in the history and cultural life of India.
, also known as Saket
, is an ancient city of India
, believed to be the birthplace of Rama
and setting of the epic Ramayana
. It is adjacent to Faizabad
city at the south end in the Indian
state of Uttar Pradesh
. Ayodhya used to be the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom
. It has an average elevation of 93 meters (305 feet).
Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites (Saptapuri
) for Hindus. It is believed that the birth spot of Rama
was marked by a temple, which was demolished by the orders of the Mughal
and a mosque erected in its place. The Ayodhya dispute
concerns the activism by the Hindu groups to rebuild a Rama's temple at the site.
is located on the Indo-Nepal Border and is a well-known transit point between India
Sonauli is around 90 km from Gorakhpur
, a major city of India located in the state of Uttar Pradesh
. The nearest Railway station
from Sonauli is Nautanwa Railway Station
, which is around 7 km away and is now well connected with Indian Railway Network
. Earlier Nautanwa was connected with Gorakhpur through Narrow Gauge Railway Track
. But with the development of Indian Railway Network, this track is converted into Broad gauge
which facilitate fast long railway transit.
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), "the lovely") is a Buddhist pilgrimage
site in the Rupandehi District
. It is the place where, according to Buddhist
tradition, Queen Mayadevi
gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BCE
Gautama, who achieved Enlightenment
some time around 528 BCE,
became the Gautama Buddha
and founded Buddhism
Lumbini is one of many magnets for pilgrimage that sprang up in places pivotal to the life of Gautama Buddha.
Lumbini has a number of temples, including the Mayadevi Temple
and several others which are still under construction. Many monuments, monasteries
and a museum — the Lumbini International Research Institute
— are also located within the holy site. Also located there is the Puskarini or Holy Pond where the Buddha's mother took the ritual dip prior to his birth and where he, too, had his first bath. At other sites near Lumbini, earlier Buddhas were, according to tradition, born, achieved ultimate Enlightenment and finally relinquished their earthly forms.
Lumbini was granted World Heritage
status by UNESCO
: ?????) is a sub-metropolitan and the second largest city of Nepal as well as the headquarters of Kaski District
, Gandaki Zone
and the Western Development Region
. It is located 200 km west of the capital Kathmandu. Despite being a comparatively smaller valley than Kathmandu, its geography varies dramatically within just few kilometres from north to south. The altitude varies from 827 m in the southern part to 1740 m in the north.
Additionally, the Annapurna Range with three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri
, Annapurna I
— are within approximately 15 – 35 miles as-the-crow-flies distance from the valley.
Due to its proximity to the Annapurna mountain range, the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit
through the ACAP
of the Annapurna
ranges in theHimalayas
Phewa lake in Pokhara. Boating at phewa lake is one of the popular activities one does who go for visit.
Pokhara is home to many Gurkha
soldiers. It is the most expensive city in the country, with a Cost of Living Index
The Manakamana Temple
situated in the Gorkha
district of Nepal is the sacred place of the Hindu Goddess Bhagwati, an incarnation of Parvati.
The name Manakamana originates from two words, “mana” meaning heart and “kamana” meaning wish. Venerated since the 17th century, it is believed that Goddess Manakamana grants the wishes of all those who make the pilgrimage to her shrine to worship her.
The Manakamana temple lies 12 km south of the town Gorkha.
The temple is located on a distinguished ridge 1,302 metres (4,272 ft) above sea level and overlooks the river valleys of Trisuli in the south and Marsyangdi in the west. The spectacular views of the Manaslu- Himachali and Annapurna ranges can be seen to the north of the temple. The temple is approximately a 104 kilometres (65 mi) drive from Kathmandu and can also be reached via bus east from Pokhara in around three to four hours.
: The history of the city of Kathmandu
, which is inseparable from that of the Kathmandu valley, dates back to ancient times.
Archaeological explorations indicate that Kathmandu and the two other sister towns in the valley were the oldest towns and are traced to the period between 167 BC and 1 AD. Excavations conducted at Hadigaon and Lubhu in southern part of the valley, in Kathmandu, have unearthed brick walls and Stone Age tools.
The extent of Kathmandu city today across the Kathmandu Valley
In 1992, workers digging a trench for the foundation of a house in Maligaon in Eastern Kathmandu discovered a life size (171 x 49 cm) standing male figure carved in pale sandstone, clearly made in the Kushan
style. The sculpture was donated by an early Licchavi or pre-Licchavi monarch, named Jaya Varman with an inscription on the pedestal. Although the identity of the figure is contested, it is the authors'[who?
] opinion that it is likely Jaya Varman himself who is portrayed. It is the oldest known inscription from the Kathmandu Valley. "The inscription on this sculpture, clearly dated to samvat 107, most likely corresponding to AD 185, provides this previously missing evidence, and pushes back the epigraphical documentation of royal rule in the Kathmandu valley nearly three hundred years.
: ??????? Bhaktapur Listen
) ), literally translates to Place of devotees
. Also known asBhadgaon
: ???? Khwopa), it is an ancient Newar
city in the east corner of the Kathmandu Valley
, about 8 miles (13 km) from the capital city, Kathmandu
. It is located in Bhaktapur District
in the Bagmati Zone
Bhaktapur was the largest of the three Newar kingdoms of the Kathmandu Valley, and was the capital of Nepal during the great 'Malla Kingdom' until the second half of the 15th century. Today it is the third largest city in the Kathmandu Valley
, with a population of more than 80,000, of which the vast majority are still Newars. Historically more isolated than the other two kingdoms, Kathmandu and Patan
, Bhaktapur has a distinctly different form of Nepal Bhasa
Bhaktapur has the best preserved palace courtyards and old city center in Nepal, and is listed as a World Heritage Site
by UNESCO for its rich culture, temples, and wood, metal and stone artworks. This is supported by the restoration and preservation efforts of German-funded Bhaktapur Development Project (BDP).
The city is famous for special type of curd
called "Ju Ju(king) dhau(curd). It is experienced by the curd makers that the taste of curd prepared in this location cannot be found elsewhere all over Nepal.
, an ancient fortified town, was founded in 745 AD by Vanraj Chavda
, the most prominent king of the Chavda Kingdom
. He named the city Anhilpur Patan
or "Anhilwad Patan" after his close friend and Prime Minister Anhil shepherd.
These Chalukya rajputs, with Paramaras of Malwa, the Chauhans of Sakambhari and Chandellas of Kalanjar and Mahoba, were serious contestants for supremacy in northern India.
Later Mulraj, the adopted son of last Chavda king, established Solanki dynasty
. He successfully expanded kingdom to west. His successor Siddhraj Jaisinh added Malwa.
was a major ruler who patroned Jainism
. Solanki rule covered Saurashtra and Kutch in the west, Lata
in the south, Malwa in the east and southern Rajasthan in the north at its greatest period. Historian Tertius Chandler
estimates that Anhilwara (Patan is built on this ancient city) was the tenth-largest city in the world in the year 1000, with a population of approximately 100,000.
Muhammed's general and later Sultan of Delhi Qutb-ud-din Aybak
sacked the city between 1200 and 1210, and it was destroyed by the Alladin Khilji in 1298.
The modern town of Patan later sprung up near the ruins of Anhilwara
. During 1304 to 1411, first Patan was the Suba
headquarter of Delhi Sultanate and capital city of the Gujarat Sultanate
after the collapse of the Delhi Sultanate at the end of the 14th century. A new fort was built by these Subas, a large portion of which (along with a few of the gates) is still intact. The old fort of the Hindu kingdom is nearly vanquished and only a wall can be seen on the way from Kalka to Rani ki vav
. In 1411, SultanAhmed Shah
moved the capital to Ahmedabad
Patan was part of the Baroda state
from the mid-18th century until India's independence in 1947, when Baroda became part ofBombay state
, which in 1960 was separated into Gujarat
is a city located along the banks of Rapti
river in the eastern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
. It is located near the Nepal
border, 273 kilometres east of the state capital Lucknow
. It is the administrative headquarter of Gorakhpur District
and Gorakhpur Division
. The city is home to the Gorakshanath
Temple (Gorakhnath Math
) is a city of ancient historical and mythological significance. It is one of the major tourist attractions of Bihar
. The city is the second largest city of Bihar
, after Patna
and is also the headquarters of Gaya district
and Magadh division
Gaya is 100 kilometres south of Patna
, the capital city of Bihar. Situated on the banks of the Phalgu River
, as mentioned in Ramayana
), it is a place sanctified by the Jain
religions. It is surrounded by small rocky hills (Mangla-Gauri
) by three sides and the river flowing on the fourth (eastern) side. The city has a mix of natural surroundings, age old buildings, green areas and narrow bylanes.
is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex
in Gaya district
in theIndian state
. It is famous as it is the place where Gautama Buddha
is said to have obtained Enlightenment
(pali: bodhi) under what became known as the Bodhi Tree
For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is the most important of the main four pilgrimage sites related to the life of Gautama Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar
, and Sarnath
. In 2002, Mahabodhi Temple, located in Bodh Gaya, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site
is a city located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi
near the confluence of the Ganges
and the Gomati
rivers in Uttar Pradesh
. The deer park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha
first taught the Dharma
, and where the Buddhist Sangha
came into existence through the enlightenment
. Singhpur, a village approximately one km away from the site, was the birthplace of Shreyansanath
, the Eleventh Tirthankara
, and a temple dedicated to him, is an important pilgrimage site
Isipatana is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage
which his devout followers should visit, if they wanted to visit a place for that reason.
It was also the site of the Buddha's Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta
, which was his first teaching after attaining enlightenment, in which he taught the four noble truths
and the teachings associated with it.
also known as Benares
is a North Indian
city on the banks of the Ganges
in Uttar Pradesh
, India, 320 kilometres (200 mi) south-east of the state capital, Lucknow
, and 121 kilometres (75 mi) east of Allahabad
. The spiritual capital of India
, it is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri
) in Hinduism
, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism
. Varanasi lies along National Highway 2
, which connects it to Kolkata
, and Delhi
, and is served by Varanasi Junction
and Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport