Guwahati in ancient Assam
in the modern era) is the largest city of Assam
, a major riverine port city and one of the fastest growing cities in India
The ancient cities of Pragjyotishpura and Durjaya
) were the capitals of the ancient state of Kamarupa
dynasties.[ Many ancient Hindu temples are in the city, giving it the name "City of Temples".Dispur
, the capital of Assam, is in the circuit city region located within Guwahati and is the seat of the Government of Assam
Guwahati lies between the banks of the Brahmaputra River
and the foothills of the Shillong
plateau, with LGB International Airport
to the west and the town of Narengi
to the east. It is gradually being expanded as North Guwahati to the northern bank of the Brahmaputra. The noted Madan Kamdev
is situated 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Guwahati. The Guwahati Municipal Corporation
(GMC), the city's local government, administers an area of 216 square kilometres (83 sq mi), while the Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority
(GMDA) is the planning and development body of greater Guwahati Metropolitan Area. With an area of 1,528 square kilometres (590 sq mi), Guwahati is the second-largest metropolitan region in eastern India, after Kolkata
The Guwahati region hosts diverse wildlife including rare animals such as Asian elephants, pythons, tigers, rhinoceros, gaurs
, primate species, and endangered birds.
Kaziranga : The history of Kaziranga National Park
in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam
, can be traced back to the beginning of the twentieth century, in 1904. It now is a World Heritage Site
and hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses, tigers, and many other endangered animals.
In the early nineteenth century, the area around what is now Kaziranga National Park was not well settled. It was notorious for wild animals, malaria
, frequent floods, and unpredictable changes of the course of the Brahmaputra River
. Historical records of the forest called Kaziranga date to the seventeenth century. Several local legends relate to the origin of its name, but historians suggest that the name relate to Karbi
, a woman who ruled the region at one time. With the rise of the tea industry
in Assam, slowly, the forests in the area were cleared for settlements and tea plantations. The local villagers practiced some slash and burn
cultivation, while the British
established small permanent colonies for tea cultivation.
The history of protection in Kaziranga dates back to the early twentieth century, when Baroness Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon
, an American who was the wife of Lord Curzon
, the Viceroy of India
, first visited the Kaziranga area in 1904.Kaziranga had been renowned for its rhinoceros
population, however, during her trips in the region, Baroness Curzon failed to see any rhinoceros, seeing only some hoof
is the hilly capital of India
's north eastern border state of Nagaland
which shares its borders with Burma
. It lies in Kohima District
and is one of the three Nagaland towns with Municipal council status along with Dimapur
Kohima is the land of the Angami Naga
tribe. The name, Kohima, was officially given by the British as they could not pronounce the Angami name Kewhima
for "the land where the flower Kewhi
grows"). It is called after the wild flowering plant Kewhi
, found in the mountains. Earlier, Kohima was also known as Thigoma
. Kohima is located south of Kohima District
and has an average elevation of 1261 metres (4137 feet).The town of Kohima is located on the top of a high ridge and the town serpentines along the top of the mountain ranges as is typical of most Naga settlements.
Khonoma village is located about 20 km from the state capital, Kohima. The village, referred to as Khwunoria (named after the Angami term for a local plant, Glouthera fragrantisima), is estimated to be around 700 years old and is spread over an area of 123sq.km. The total population of the village is about 3000, settled in 600 households. Khonoma is famous for its forests and a unique form of agriculture, including some of the oldest terraced cultivation in the region. The terrain of the village is hilly, ranging from gentle slopes to steep and rugged hillsides. The hills are covered with lush forestland, rich in various species of flora and fauna. The state bird, Blyth’s tragopan, a pheasant now nationally endangered, is reprtedly found here.
Kisama : The Hornbill festival
is a celebration held every year in the first week of December, in Nagaland
, North-east India
It is also called as the 'Festival of Festivals'.
The state of Nagaland
is home to several tribes
, which have their own distinct festivals
. More than 60% of the population of Nagaland depends on agriculture and therefore most of their festivals revolve around agriculture. The Nagas consider their festivals sacred and so participation in these festivals is essential.
To encourage inter-tribal interaction and to promote cultural heritage of Nagaland, the Government of Nagaland organizes the Hornbill Festival every year in the first week of December. The first festival was held in the year 2000.
The festival is named after the Indian hornbill
, the large and colourful forest bird which is displayed in folklore in most of the state’s tribes.
: The city of Imphal Imphal.ogg
is the capital
of the Indian
state of Manipur
. The ruins
of the Palace of Kangla
, the royal seat of the erstwhile Kingdom of Manipur
, are in the city centre, surrounded by a moa
The Battle of Imphal
took place between March and July 1944, during World War II
Imphal is located at 24.82°N 93.95°E
in extreme eastern India,with an average elevation of 786 metres (2,579 ft). It has a humid subtropical climate
with mild, dry winters and a hot monsoon
season. July temperatures average about 29 °C (84 °F); January is the coldest month, with average lows near 4 °C (39 °F). The city receives about 1,320 mm (52 in) of rain, with June the wettest month. The highest recorded temperature was 35.6 °C (96.1 °F), most recently on 22 May 2009, and the lowest average temperature was −2.7 °C (27.1 °F) on 10 January 1970.
: The history of Manipur
(Kangleipak in ancient times) is reflected by archaeological research, mythology and written history
Since ancient times, the Meetei people
have lived in the valleys of Manipur alongside the highlander Hao in the hills and valley in peace. Meetei Pangal (Muslim) people settled in the valleys during the reign of Meidingu Khagemba in the year 1606. Since then, they also lived along with the Meetei People.
Mythological origins begins with the reign of the "Konchin Tukthapa Ipu Athoupa Pakhangpa" (Pakhangpa was the name given to him meaning "The one who knows his father"), who gave birth the seven clans of Meetei society.
The pre-Hindu era is set forth in the sacred writing puya "Wakoklon Heelel Thilel Salai Amailon Pukok". Introduction of the Vaishnavism
school of Hinduism
brought about changes in the history of the state. Manipur's early history is set forth in the Cheitharon Kumbaba
, a chronicle of royal events which is believed to record events from the foundation of the ruling dynasty.